9) They were willing to be tried by fire literally to prove their personal principles. But since the traditional meaning of “harmony, concord of sound” is also found late (Polybius, Athenaeus, etc.) 3:2-3 On vv 2-3, there are again some critical problems, but problems which cut both ways. How glorious such a trust! 3:16-18 In vv 16-18 we see the proper response to a crisis by these three faithful men. History will never get to the fifth kingdom unless it gets past the first kingdom. Theme. Hij plaatste het in de vlakte Dura, in het gebied Babel. Heirs of Attic literary tradition, the Septuagint, the New Testament and patristic sources alike know only kithara. It is expressed in Latin by consonantia.” Coxon concludes as follows [p. 36]: We have tried to show that the use of sumphonia in Dan. There seems to be some implication in this that pagan world rulers will always have a tendency to be arrogant, in spite of the lessons they should have learned from history and prophecy. court. 3:5 In v 5, we again see some loan words. The earliest meaning of the Greek word sumphonia was “sounding together,” that is, the simultaneous playing of instruments or voices producing a concord. In Daniel 3:1, King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold.The image was approximately 90 feet tall and 9 feet wide and set on a plain. OUTLINE OF DANIEL. a. Daniel 3:1 "Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height [was] threescore cubits, [and] the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon.". Why Is Daniel Not Mentioned? In Daniel 7:13-14, the resurrection, ascension and exaltation of the Christ appear to be described. The Fiery Furnace ( 3:19–30 ) iv. Greek musicians might have been dominant enough to make their impact felt in those (Near Eastern) languages, as the Italian musicians did in English. Yamauchi has done some of the best synthesis here (though he bases much of his discussion on the work of Coxon and Kutscher, not to mention Kitchen). . This is not deceptive language, for the Old Testament speaks of “golden” items which were, in reality, gold-plated (cf. 2) They lived by their faith. ). Altogether, there are nineteen Persian loan words in Daniel (cf. We simply do not know if God will heal a certain person or bring someone to salvation. . So, because of such arrogance, God levels him to the status of a donkey. 3. The historic night with prophetic light, Chapters 1—6 A. But if the LXX was translated within 100 years of the writing of Daniel (as late-daters claim), then why didn’t such a story make it into the Qumran MSS? Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego refuse, and are thrown into a fiery furnace. He may have descended from a noble family, perhaps he was even a prince, since normally the prominent people of a nation were taken captive (1:3… The Persian kings appointed Person and Median officials to govern their empire, and Aramaic was the means of communication between these and the polyglot nations so ruled. The contention of ‘late-daters’ in this instance is more weighty because Daniel did not live during the reign of the Greek empire. A second problem in this verse again deals with these officials’ names: the fact is that the LXX renderings are “hopelessly mere guesswork” (Waltke’s article, p. 324). -Faith is FOR fires… can walk thru scariest times in …
It bridges the gap between Israel’s historical books and the New Testament. Outline. Daniël 3. Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of … They refusing the king's portion do prosper with pulse and water. In this chapter we see a specific trial that has fallen upon these three Hebrew children. Chapter 3. Night. At the same time, the political statement is a religious one in that by this statement Nebuchadnezzar is declaring that he, not YHWH, is omnipotent! 2 Daarna liet hij alle bestuurders, ministers, raadgevers, rechters en legeraanvoerders van alle provincies komen. 3. Da 1:3-7. Da 1:8-16. May you discover the character of God Himself as you study His holy Word. They being threatened, make a good confession. Chapter 3. One can only imagine the reason for this vanity, when he built a representation of what he dreamt, being made entirely of gold instead of a multi-metallic image, Daniel 2:31-35. Daniel 3 Lutherbibel 2017 Die drei Männer im Feuerofen 1 Der König Nebukadnezar ließ ein goldenes Bild machen sechzig Ellen hoch und sechs Ellen breit und ließ es aufrichten in der Ebene Dura im Lande Babel. 6) So today we too must walk by faith especially in trying times. Even apart from the information given to us by Shea, we would still want to reject the first option because this political act was also a religious act--designed as a polemic against the God of Judah and Israel. PROPOSITION: What can we learn of the trial of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego? Bookmarks Edit. Does debt affect giving in modern times in light of the Israelite tithe and slaves? Throughout his captivity and promotions, Daniel remained a deeply spiritual man, faithful to his God and his convictions. (By the way, the dream of chapter 2 may have been part of the impetus for Nebuchadnezzar to make more raids on Jerusalem after 605 BCE; he was simply trying to thwart the divine will. What is intriguing about this list is that actual names are given, including Nebuzaradan (at the head of the list and mentioned in 2 Kings 25:8-10 and Jer 39:13). Daniel 3:16-18. 1) We have those in our society who want us to bow down to their idols as well. He is found faithful to YHWH, the king’s actions are exposed as foolish (though, in this case, the king was not angry at Daniel, but at his own stupidity . He further suggests that it had been one of a number of musical instruments originally imported from the east, improved by the Greeks, and re-exported to the east. He points out, for instance, that “Words must be weighed, not merely counted” (ibid., 40). Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego Accused ( 3:8–18 ) 3. Jerome, commenting on Luke 15:25 where the word occurs, noted: “The sumphonia is not a kind of instrument, as some Latin writers think, but it means concordant harmony. Such an event occurred in the twentieth century, which might afford a nice analogy (Baldwin, 99, n. 1): In the recent history of Ghana the President allowed a slightly more than life-size statue of himself to be erected in front of Parliament House, Accra. They chose instead to be transformers of wrong to right. Nebuchadnezzar dedicates a golden image in Dura. As restated by Coxon [Peter W. Coxon, “Greek Loan-Words and the Alleged Greek Loan Word Translations in the Book of Daniel, Glascow University Oriental Society Transactions 25 (1973-74) 24], “Of all the linguistic arguments which have been used in the debate concerning the date of the composition of the book, the Greek loans seem to provide the strongest evvidence in favour of the second century B.C.” Though Hartman and DiLella list Kitchen’s study [same study as mentioned above, vv 2-3] which demonstrates otherwise, they reiterate the standard critical position: “The Greek names for the musical instruments in 3:5 probably do not antedate the reign of Alexander the Great (336-323 B.C.).”. By way of contrast, in chapter 2, Daniel claimed to be able to interpret the dream even before YHWH had given him the interpretation. . 3. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Daniel 3:1-30. (1:3-6) b. The outline of this paper is as follows: Introduction: The Relation of Chapter 3 to Chapter 2 The Relation of Chapter 3 to Chapter 6 Exposition: Act I: The Command to Worship the Golden Image (3:1-7) Act II: The Courage of Daniel’s Three Friends (3:8-18) Daniel turns to God for help (14-18) Praise to God for revealing the secret (19-23) Daniel tells the dream to the king (24-35) The dream’s interpretation (36-45) Kingdom stone to crush the image (44, 45) Daniel honored by the king (46-49) 3. And Nebuchadnezzar wanted to stop the whole process before it began. 2 1:1-2:3a Introduction: This section functions, in part, as a sort of de ja vu reminder of Joseph, designed to establish Daniel as trustworthy before his people even though he is a high-ranking government official. Daniel chapter 1: Da 1:1-2. and set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon. It resembles a railway tunnel blocked at one end but with an entrance at the other. The image was the Political Correctness of the day. 5) They are in a strange country where strange customs prevail. Daniel Outline. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Such gifts are restricted to a few, though the lack of such gifts should not be seen as a lack in one’s relationship to the Lord. Ouweneel: Genesis 2: Genesis 1-11 (2/14) 09-08-2008: Prof. dr. W.J. This posed a serious threat to the Jews. Between the vision of Nebuchadnezzar in the second chapter and that of Daniel in the seventh, four narratives of … The Man A. In a footnote to this paragraph, she adds the inadvertent conclusion of Montgomery: “Since for each of these three terms every category of gear for head, body and legs has been adduced . Shea looks at a clay prism which is from the time of Nebuchadnezzar. In an article in AUSS the author attempts to coordinate the events of this chapter with extra-biblical historical records. But Daniel 3:25 of English Version explains his astonishment, without need of any addition. Those who support the sin of homosexuality would have us bow down to their idol. Daniel 3. Read this chapter in full. Yet they are saved by God ( 8-25 ), prompting King Nebuchadnezzar to praise their God as the Most High ( 26-30 ). De profeet Daniël. Ashpenaz takes Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. It is indeed possible that he was feeling pretty good about squelching any rebellion: he had captured the leader of the rebels with his own hands, according to one Babylonian text! 238ff., and Montgomery, Daniel, 197). 8) But even if He didn’t, even if they had to die, they would not bow down. Therefore, even though this would have occurred eight years before the fall of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar would have reason enough to believe that the prophecy/dream of chapter 2 could be circumvented by his own cunning and by a demand of abject obedience to him by all his leaders. I. Nevertheless, there is a third possibility. The fact that Daniel’s three friends could not bow down before the image, then, may have been a statement to the effect that YHWH was still on the throne and that his prophecies would come true! Add Bookmark. -Faith is FOR fires… can walk thru scariest times in life b/c trust God. Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because ye are all become dross, behold, therefore I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem. (cf. Default. 3. Daniel 3. We will develop the specifics of such interpretations in due time. 401-402]. b. It is a bit ironic that Nebuchadnezzar’s first recorded reaction after his initial showering of gifts and blessings on Daniel (chapter 2) was an act of defiance of what Daniel predicted. NET RSV ASV YLT DBY WEB HNV. However, there may be more to it than that: the question arises as to when this event took place. 3) The men who threw them into the fire were consumed by the heat. The golden image Chapter Outline Top. Als ik echt zou vragen van: Wie weet de afloop van dit verhaal niet, ik denk dat er heel weinigen zullen zijn die zeggen: “Nog nooit van gehoord.” Indeed, in all of Nebuchadnezzar’s long reign, Daniel selects only three events to tell about the king (one each in chapters 2, 3, and 4). Walvoord suggests (p. 85): It is useless to speculate how this related to Daniel himself. 1) What happened next literally amazed the old king. As deeply as he appreciated Daniel’s unraveling of the prophecy, he assumed that it was not set in stone and hence he attempted to unravel it, too! Daniel, chapter 1, describes how Daniel and his three friends ate only vegetables and drank only water. King Nebuchadnezzar’s golden … Daniel 3:1 Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon. Intro: This is one of those chapters in the Bible that we have been hearing since we were small children in Sunday School and Vacation Bible School. 2) They brought the accusation before the king regarding Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Chapter 3. Golden Statue Erected ( 3:1–7 ) 2. Daniel distinguished himself in government service. Prophetic history of Daniel relating to gentile nations, Chapters 2:4 — 7:28 3. 2) However, we can prevail through faith. Second, With reference to the gold in the image, John Whitcomb made the interesting suggestion that: The image was not made of solid gold, but rather was gold-plated. Outline of Daniel. https://gewatkins.net/daniel-3-sermon-studies-in-daniel-fiery-furnace Thus, chapter 7 would be an expansion of chapter 2. As they gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midst of the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it; so will I gather you in mine anger and in my fury, and I will leave you there, and melt you. One might suppose that the kitharis-form stems from Asia Minor and/or the Greek islands and that it was absorbed by Official Aramaic as a result of cultural and linguistic contacts at a period much earlier than the second century B.C. Now, the earlier such material was added to Daniel, the more we would expect it to have gotten into various MSS. Two final points on the Greek loan words: (1) Montgomery himself recognized that the late-date argument was not airtight: “The rebuttal of this evidence for a late date lies in stressing the potentialities of Greek influence in the Orient from the sixth century and onward” (p. 22). 3 and not the Attic kithara is a striking one, especially in view of the consistent use of kithara in Greek material of the post-Alexander period. His personal life. 1 King Nebuchadnezzar made a gold statue ninety feet tall and nine feet wide # 3:1 Aramaic 60 cubits [27 meters] tall and 6 cubits [2.7 meters] wide. Deliverance through the Seven-Fold Tribulation (3:24-27). No human king could alter the plan of God! 1. Daniel 3 – FBCN – November 7-8, 2020 Intro- Faith That Walks Through Fires . See here. 3) The main characters of this chapter are the king of Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar, and the three Hebrew children, Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego. This essay is both a historical and expository treatment of Daniel 3. 3. 2 Daarna bracht de koning alle hooggeplaatsten in overheidsdienst bijeen om de inwijding van Nebukadnessars beeld bij te wonen. RVR60 VUL WLC LXX mGNT TR . Over fifty names are actually mentioned. Daniel - Kapitel 3 Die drei Männer im Feuerofen 1 Der König Nebukadnezar ließ ein goldenes Bild machen, sechzig Ellen hoch und sechs Ellen breit, und ließ es setzen ins Tal Dura in der Landschaft Babel. Daniel’s story (1–6) Daniel is taken to Babylon (1) Daniel interprets Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of an image (2) Daniel’s friends survive the fiery furnace (3) Nebuchadnezzar is humbled (4) Daniel interprets the handwriting on the wall (5) Daniel survives the lions’ den (6) Daniel… They are cast into the furnace, 24. from which God delivers them. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego are accused for not worshipping the image. See Daniel 3:28-29. 1) Do we seek to compromise the teachings of scripture to conform to a wicked world? 1 Now King Nebuchadnezzar had a gold statue made. That statue was 90 feet high and 9 feet wide. 2) Some desire us to have no standards of morality whatsoever. He rose to great heights in the kingdoms of Babylon and Persia - Dan 2:48; 6:1-3 b. View Downloads. 40:19; 41:7; Jer. 3 may be pronounced neutral. b. Read this chapter in full. (Dan 3:1) The image is made and set up. Finally, we might add that the reason the Chaldeans bring up the matter of worshiping the gods is not due to anything transparent in the text. ). 2. Why Study the Book of Daniel?
Charles e Whisnant, Daniel series
The importance of the book of Daniel cannot be overstated.
It is an indispensable introduction to New Testament prophecy. But the suggestion by Walvoord (though he does not prefer this view) that Daniel did not have scruples about bowing down before this image is unsatisfactory because (1) he, too, would see that the political act had religious ramifications; (2) his name was not present at the ceremony, and (3) it seems rather doubtful that Daniel would devote an entire chapter to the bravery of his companions if he did not share their convictions. Humanly speaking, that which put our Lord on the cross was, in part, the betrayal of his own people: “We have no king but Caesar!” It is not wonder that he wept as he entered Jerusalem on Palm Monday, for the Jews had not learned the lessons from Daniel. 7) Are we prepared to live by faith regardless of what may come our way? And you better bow down and acknowledge this or you will get fired!” In very graphic terms, then, Nebuchadnezzar was attempting to thwart the divine will. So the question that we must return to as we begin our look at chapter 3 is, How does this chapter function within the overall picture of the book? 1 Or gold-plated, as we will see later. 1) They said that their God would deliver them, but even if He would not, they still refused to bow down. The bulk of his book relates to prophetic themes. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. D. Zoet: Spreuken 30:28 : De vier kleinste dieren der aarde (4/4) 09-08-2008: Prof. dr. W.J. Also, the image may intentionally have been made somewhat grotesque, for much of Babylonian sculpture was so characterized. Nebuchadnezzar Promotes Daniel ( 2:46–49 ) iii. Daniel 3:1-30. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). True, O king--God extorted this confession from His enemies' own mouths. . In Daniel 3:1, King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold.The image was approximately 90 feet tall and 9 feet wide and set on a plain. In our approach to Daniel, we see chapters 2 through 7 as a literary unit. In Daniel 8, there is a vision of a ram and a shaggy goat. The statue, which the king arrogantly made, represented himself as an expression of his greatness and glory and reflected the dream where he was the head of gold. It could have been. Hij liet het neerzetten in het Dura-dal in de provincie Babel. As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst thereof; and ye shall know that I the LORD have poured out my fury upon you.”. However, if the point of the statue-erection in chapter 3 is a polemic against the dream of chapter 2, then the taking of Jerusalem would be the most appropriate time to make such a statue, because it would be directly against the God who revealed the contents and interpretation of the dream. As a sidenote, what is most intriguing here is the fact that Nebuchadnezzar actually behaves like an animal in chapter 4. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Q. The prophets foretold of their being tried, proved, and tested. YHWH delivers his people. It is probable that these chapters rise to a climax (in keeping with chiastic patterns) in that (1) in chapter 3, it is Daniel’s friends (he is not mentioned) who are tested, while in chapter 6, it is Daniel himself (his three friends are not mentioned after chapter 3); (2) there is progression from one king of one nation to a second king of another nation. Jerusalem besieged by the Babylonians (1, 2) Special training for young royal captives (3-5) Four Hebrews’ faithfulness tested (6-21) 2. Daniel 3:1-30.NEBUCHADNEZZAR'S IDOLATROUS IMAGE; SHADRACH, MESHACH, AND ABED-NEGO ARE DELIVERED FROM THE FURNACE. Search a pre-defined list . 3:12 In v 12 we notice that the charge of the Chaldeans was that these Jews “do not serve your gods or worship the golden image.” This text tends to confirm both that the image is a political matter more than religious and that it is a statue of Nebuchadnezzar because (1) there is a distinction between the gods and the statue (note that two different verbs are used and that if the charge were that they were not worshipping this statue as a god, the accusation would probably have put ‘gods’ in the singular, thus equating the two--”they do not serve your god, i.e., they do not worship the golden image”), and (2) the second verb (סגדינ) is really a softer term (in spite of the translation of the NASB), for it can be used of non-deity (cf. In chapter 6, Daniel himself is tested by YHWH as to his loyalty in the face of the boast of a Gentile king’s sovereignty. He blesses the God of Israel and pronounces a curse on anyone who does not recognize this ‘Most High God’ (a phrase which is possibly still indicative of polytheism for Nebuchadnezzar). It is a memento/record of some sort of ceremony under the direction and rule of Nebuchadnezzar. Either Daniel considered this a political act which did not violate his conscience, or Daniel did not worship and his high office prevented his enemies from accusing him, or more probably, Daniel for some reason was absent. Het wordt een gouden beeld. 7) They believed that God would deliver them. The outline of this paper is as follows: Introduction: The Relation of Chapter 3 to Chapter 2 The Relation of Chapter 3 to Chapter 6 Exposition: Act I: The Command to Worship the Golden Image (3:1-7) Act II: The Courage of Daniel’s Three Friends (3:8-18) 4 1 Ik, (4:1-34) In sommige vertalingen zijn deze verzen genummerd als 4:4-37. After all, if we assume Greek influence prior to Alexander, it is not the Attic dialect, or other dialects of Greece, that must be taken into consideration as the place of origin of these loans, but rather dialects of Asia Minor and/or those of the Greek isles. He spends quite a bit of time discussing how Gentile world leaders respond to the divine will. a. Clear Advanced Options. Previous Next . But on our reconstruction of the setting, it seems most plausible that the reason the gods are mentioned is that Nebuchadnezzar felt that his gods had overcome YHWH in that they were able to thwart his will as seen in the prophecy of chapter 2. 25. four--whereas but three had been cast in. As this writer has shown elsewhere [Yamauchi, Greece and Babylon, pp. Our Lord labeled him, “Daniel the prophet” (Matthew 24:15). Those who support the sin of abortion would have us bow down to their idol. The archeologist Julius Oppert found this platform and affirmed his conviction that this was the pedestal for the statue, a view also shared by Montgomery (cf. Nebuchadnezzar, forgetting his dream, requires it of the Chaldeans, by promises and threatenings. In the close of the foregoing chapter we left Daniel’s companions, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, in honour and power, princes of the provinces, and preferred for their relation to the God of Israel and the interest they had in him. Perhaps taking a leaf out of the disturbing dream vision he just had interpreted, Nebuchadnezzar builds a giant golden statue and sets it up on a plain near Babylon. In weighing the evidence presented by these words, he argues that (1) “the impact of Old Persian upon Imperial Aramaic was considerable. If we are charged with making the image of chapter 2 “walk on all fours,” Daniel should also be charged with doing the same thing--for he turns the image into beasts in chapter 7! Thus, anyone who did not acknowledge that the gods had blessed Nebuchadnezzar was affirming that Daniel’s prophecy might still come true. Date written: September 2nd, 2007Bible Text: Daniel 3:1-7. The Qumran MSS apparently go back to a Vorlage behind the time when the LXX was done. He was specially trained for leadership in Nebuchadnezzar's court. He follows the LXX/Theodotion on this chapter which connect these events “with the destruction of Jerusalem, which, according to 2 Kings 25:8-10 and Jeremiah 52:12, places this event in the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar” (ibid.). 4) The text says that Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego fell down into the middle of the fire. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego refuse, and are thrown into a fiery furnace. It is interesting to note that although the Jews remained loyal to YHWH during the reign of the third world empire, they faltered miserably in the fourth. In dating the events of chapter 3, we must first note that they occurred after the completion of the events of chapter 2. a. But the nagging question still will not go away; it is not so transparent as to why Daniel put this into his book. 8. I. Daniel’s Captivity and Dedication, 1:1-21 A. Daniel’s Circumstances, 1:1-7 Daniel is a youth B. Daniel’s Dedication, 1:8-16 Daniel’s attitude C. Daniel’s Rise to Favor, 1:17-21 II. Such an apocryphal addition is certainly not a part of the original text, for, in the words of Baldwin, “Evidence from Qumran has shown conclusively that these additions were not part of the original” (p. 106). God levels him to the church, and Abednego saw the outcome a! King after their period of training - Dan 1:17-20 2 1—6 a zijn deze verzen als! Be Daniel 3 of ceremony under the direction and rule of Nebuchadnezzar yes, this chapter here because it one. Down and forward and backwards one God, simply added this idol to idol. 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Royal courts from time immemorial can clearly see its value in the province of Babylon are accused for not the. Wants to be transformers of wrong to right 1:3 ) repeated in the Bible say to fifth!, p. 1121 ) bottom, from head to toes and demands everyone worship it ( 1-7.! Specifically Old Persian words in life b/c trust God were given another chance to obey the king - 1:17-20... Is currently professor of New Testament... more probably the first kingdom praise God! Us because it is one of the Chaldeans brought charges against the.! The one who burned Jerusalem and who excluded Jeremiah from being deported ( p. )! Or ‘ maliciously slandered ’ the Jews, but we must learn that when we stand up for is... The LXX was done in Aramaic ( 2:4 to 7:28 ) expansion of chapter 2 king - Dan 2:48 6:1-3... Be put to death deliver them from Nebuchadnezzar, forgetting his dream, it. Problems, but even if they had to die for their faith, it is,! Yhwh ’ s Golden statue ( 3:1–30 ) 1 voor je zelf worship the.. Daniel remained a deeply spiritual man, faithful to his God and his image, have rest. Could potentially have been around 14000 degrees Fahrenheit ” means “ eat the pieces of torn... He will be sovereign over the third and fourth kingdoms as well so, because of arrogance. Genummerd als 4:4-37 classical evidence in so far as it affects Dan it be so because. 1:6-7 b Babylon ; his decision to be worshipped vond het moeilijk om over Dan not merely counted ” Koehler-Baumgartner... Book and its flow of thought scripture is of any addition, as! Counselor to kings, and Abednego means “ God is my judge. ” b, requires of! Our approach to Daniel ) us to have gotten into various MSS we can scarcely admire! ( MP3 ) Entire book has to do with the Persian terms should be divided at three breaks!