Its maximum recorded lifespan is 24 years. It is a voracious carnivore and feeds primarily on fishes, insects, annelid worms, and crustaceans. The flathead catfish grows to a length of 155 cm (61 in) and may weigh up to 56 kg (123 lb), making it the second-largest North American catfish (after the blue catfish, Ictalurus furcatus ). It is important both for commercial and recreational use and produces good table fare when taken from clean environments. Consider, for example, this classic story related by Hart Stilwell in his 1946 book, Hunting and Fishing in Texas. It is the only species of the genus Pylodictis. Individuals above 250 mm (9.8 in) in length feed almost exclusively on other fishes.[9]. Flathead catfish can be found throughout the entire length of this river but it is probably that section below the Carlyle Dam that holds the greatest concentrations of these fish. Ken Schultz is a fishing expert with over 30 years of experience. Its back and sides are brown to yellow, with black-to olive-brown mottling, fading to a dirty white or yellow belly. Peter Roy with 17 pound catfish caught from the Allegheny River Flatheads also aren’t the largest; the blue catfish holds the state record at well over 110 pounds. [6], The native range of the flathead catfish includes a broad area west of the Appalachian Mountains encompassing large rivers of the Mississippi, Missouri, and Ohio basins. Ranging from the lower Great Lakes region to northern Mexico, it has been widely introduced and is an invasive species in some areas. Bottom fishing with some form of natural or prepared bait is widely practiced, although live baits are very popular, especially for larger specimens. Mid to large specimens are rather pot-bellied, with wide heads and beady eyes. Insect larvae are the major prey type until an individual reaches approximately 100 mm (3.9 in) in total length, at which point the diet expands to include crayfish and small fishes. bartail flathead ( Platycephalus indicus ) The bartail, or Indian, flathead ( Platycephalus indicus ) inhabits the equatorial waters of the Indian and western Pacific Oceans. In large reservoirs, they are usually found deep, often in old river beds, at the junction of submerged channels, and near the headwater tributary. Young flathead catfish are also cannibalistic, which has largely precluded their presence in aquaculture. To catch a big flathead you have to outsmart them." Flathead catfish also like deep pools but prefer those with log jams or other dense cover. Although not exclusively nocturnal, flatheads are more active at night and may spend the day inactive in deep water or under cover. The flathead catfish has a yellow to purple-brown body that is often mottled with black or brown, with a pale white to yellow belly. Flathead catfish likes to eat night crawlers, stink bait, chicken livers, cheese bait, blood bait and much more. Most people hear the two terms so much that they believe these are two separate species, but they are one and the same. If catching these brutes is your goal, you should learn how to find and catch them in the current. Mud Catfish Color Pylodictis is Greek meaning "mud fish", and olivaris is Latin for "olive-colored". Although tolerant … There are more than 3000 species of catfish that can be found on all continents except on the Antarctica. Its scientific name is Pylodictis Olivaris. The closest living relative of the flathead catfish is the much smaller widemouth blindcat, Satan eurystomus. They are yellow-brown, usually mottled above, with a creamy colored belly. Their heads are compressed, or flattened, and they have a protruding lower jaw. Flat-headed Catfish is a yellow-brown carnivorous fish that is found in North America. The scientific name of blue catfish is Ictalurus furcatus. They are yellow-brown, usually mottled above, with a creamy colored belly. The caudal fin has rounded to slightly notched posterior margin, and a white tip on … It looks like any other catfish except that it has a flathead. The size of the clutch varies proportionately to the size of the female; an average of 2,640 eggs per kilogram of fish are laid. Flathead catfish reach a length of 3 to 4 feet (0.9 to 1.2 m) and their weight can exceed 100 pounds (45 kg). Many feeding … It does depend heavily on the size of flathead you are targeting. The flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris), also called by several common names including mudcat or shovelhead cat, is a large species of North American freshwater catfish in the family Ictaluridae.It is the only species of the genus Pylodictis.Ranging from the lower Great Lakes region to northern Mexico, it has been widely introduced and is an invasive species in some areas. Anything under 15 pounds might bite just about anything. The range extends as far north as Canada, as far west as Texas, and south to the Gulf of Mexico including northeastern Mexico. [2], The flathead catfish is also known as the yellow cat, mud cat, Johnnie cat, goujon, appaluchion, opelousas,[3][4] pied cat and Mississippi cat. Flatheads have a squarish tail, sometimes slightly notched. Therefore, it is difficult to accurately find where they live and pattern flathead catfish behavior. It has the length at 65 inches or 165 cm. They are also commonly found in tailraces below dams. Anglers target this species in a variety of waterways, including small rivers (barely large enough for a canoe), large rivers (such as the Missouri, Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee and Colorado Rivers), and reservoirs. It is a species of North American Freshwater Catfish. At night they may move shallower and feed at different levels. Flathead catfish are primarily but not exclusively bottom feeders and consume insects, crayfish, clams, and assorted small fish, including sunfish, shiners, and shad. Catfish inhabits freshwater ecosystems such as rivers and streams. The smaller channel catfish favor deep pools, moving into riffles in evening to feed. Live Bait only. Views: 696 Images: 31 Downloads: 3 Likes: 0. catfish; flathead; fish; art; mount; wallpapers; fishing; information; facts; taxidermy; replica; trophy ; Like JPG. Larger individuals take a while to subdue and are pursued with heavy tackle, especially since they exist in snag-filled environs. It has the length at 64 to 117 cm in average. The tail fin is slightly notched and may appear square or rounded, unlike the d… I've caught a lot of catfish in my career, but flatheads are the king. Its smooth skin lacks scales. In rivers, they prefer deep pools where the water is slow, and depressions or holes, such as those that exist in eddies and adjacent to bridge pilings. LITTLE ROCK – Of the three species of catfish in Arkansas, the flathead may rank at the top, at least in fishermen’s interest. ADVERTISEMENT. If the Mississippi River has an iconic fish, it is probably the catfish. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Get Your Fish On. Once the eggs hatch, the fry (young fish) have a yolk-like sac that nourishes them for two to five days until it dissolves and they are fully developed. The eyes accentuate the flatness of the head with their distinctly flat-looking oval shape, and the lower jaw further accentuates it by protruding beyond the upper jaw. Its size also makes the flathead catfish an effective subject of public aquaria. Appaloosa (Flathead) Catfish from Lewisville Lake in Texas - YouTube My Dads catfish.These are Flathead Catfish (Pylodictis olivaris) out of Lake Lewisville, in Lewisville, Texas. It has a squared, rather than forked, tail, with a long body and large flattened head. The flathead catfish cannot live in full-strength seawater (which is about 35 parts per thousand or about 35 grams of salt per liter of water), but it can survive in 10 ppt for a while and thrive in up to about 5 ppt. The lower jaw protrudes farther out than the upper jaw, with the mouth having a wide oval shape. Most Downloads Size Popular. Flathead catfish can reach 29-30 inches in length, compared with the channel cats that average 10-20 inches. We collected 31+ Flathead Catfish paintings in our online museum of paintings - PaintingValley.com. Anglers targeting large flathead catfish usually use stout tackle such as medium-heavy or heavy action rods from 6–10 ft (1.8–3.0 m) in length with large line-capacity reels and line ranging from 20–80 pounds-force (89–356 N) test breaking strength. Generally large live baits are preferred such as river herring, shad, sunfish (such as bluegill), suckers, carp, goldfish, drum, and bullheads ranging from 5–12 in (13–30 cm) in length. In the Southern United States, catfish species may be … Flathead catfish are also called mud catfish, because of their yellow to purple-brown dorsal coloration. (2011). Flatheads aren’t the most numerous. This species is primarily found in large bodies of water, especially reservoirs and their tributaries, and big rivers and their tributaries. Live fish are a popular bait for flatheads, more so than other catfish species, as these fish are more reluctant to consume old and smelly bait. A common and large-growing species, the flathead (Pylodictus olivaris) is one of the ugliest members of the freshwater catfish clan, but also one that is regularly caught in larger sizes and which provides a good struggle on hook and line. Their bellies are often white or pale in color. BIG CATFISH Small Baits Big Bites There is a short time in the summer when big female flathead catfish prefer small meals. Adults consume larger prey, including bullheads, gizzard shad, and carp, and reportedly some terrestrial animals that have the misfortune of finding themselves in the water. After the eggs are laid, they hatch within five to ten days. Flathead catfish can reach sizes in excess of 100 pounds but much smaller specimens have been encountered in the Chesapeake Bay … Flathead Catfish Tricenarians of the Three Rivers. What Are the Best-Tasting Freshwater Fish. Two of these whiskered species patrol the depths of the river here. Most anglers encounter flatheads that range in size from several pounds to 10 or 15, with fish up to 20 pounds not uncommon, and specimens to 50 pounds a possibility in some of the better waters. A flat head, tiny eyes, square-ish tail and protruding lower jaw distinguish flathead from other. That said, the International Game Fish Association (IGFA) has awarded the distinction of world record flathead to angler Ken Paulie. Their locale often has a hard bottom and there may also be driftwood or timber in it. Get facts about the life and behavior of this catfish. Apr 2, 2016 - A common species, the flathead is one of the ugliest members of the freshwater catfish clan. Sport fishing for flathead catfish using either rod and reel, limb lines, or bare hands (noodling) can be an exciting pastime. As with other catfishes, flatheads have heavy, sharp pectoral and dorsal spines, as well as long mouth barbels. Flatheads are popular with catfish anglers in large lakes and rivers and provide a strong and stubborn deep-digging fight. The head of the flathead catfish is wider and flatter than that of other North American catfish species. The flathead catfish has a broad, flat head, with a lower jaw protruding beyond the upper jaw. The fry frequent shallow areas with rocky and sandy substrates, where they feed on insects and worms such as annelids and polychaetes. CAUGHT IN PA. Ryan Harsh caught and released this flathead catfish from the Shenango Reservoir. The eyes accentuate the flatness of the head with their distinctly flat-looking oval shape, and the lower jaw further accentuates it by … It has a squared, rather than forked, tail, with a long body and large flattened head. Flathead catfish are typically pale yellow (hence the name "yellow cat") to light brown on the back and sides, and highly mottled with black and/or brown. The flathead catfish can lay up to 100,000 eggs during one spawning cycle. GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing. It also feeds on other small catfish and almost anything that moves and makes vibration. However, a record from 1982, caught by "other methods", shows that the flathead catfish would be North Americas longest species of catfish, after a specimen pulled from the Arkansas River measured 175 cm (69 in.) Ferguson, who runs hundreds of blue catfish trips a season, reserves the fierce fall flathead bite for his personal playtime, rarely taking clients out after dark. and weighed 63.45 kg (139 lbs and 14oz.). LIMITED OFFER: Get 10 free Shutterstock images - PICK10FREE. [5], The flathead catfish grows to a length of 155 cm (61 in) and may weigh up to 56 kg (123 lb), making it the second-largest North American catfish (after the blue catfish, Ictalurus furcatus). The simple fact that … Flathead Catfish World Record: As is the case with world records sometimes, people will often question the validity of a catch. Dynamite Baits for Flathead Catfish (Keith Sutton photo) August 18, 2014 By Keith “Catfish” Sutton. Facts About the Life and Behavior of Yellow Perch, Facts About the Life and Behavior of Nile Perch, An Intro to Catfish and Bullheads and Their Record Weights, Facts About 6 of the Most Common and Popular Sunfish Species, The Bream Species: Sunfish, Bluegills, Shellcracker, Warmouth and More. The list could go on and on but if your targeting the Big Daddy’s, the choice becomes very clear and easy to make. Mark Smith with a 39 pound catfish caught from the Monongahela River. The males, which also build the nests, fiercely and tirelessly defend and fan the clutch. Pterygoplichthys species, released by aquarium fishkeepers, have also established feral populations in many warm waters around the world. *Dan Anderson, Bouton, Iowa, is a freelance writer and frequent contributor to In-Fisherman publications. Many are caught in large natural lakes and impoundments, but hard-hitting, pole-bending flatheads reach their greatest abundance in big bottomland rivers. The average length is about 25-46 in (64-117 cm). They are considered excellent food fish and sportfish, and have white flaky meat that makes for sweet fillets. Flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, is also a North American pest on Atlantic slope drainages. A good flathead spot usually also includes relatively deep water compared to the rest of a particular section of river, a moderate amount of current, and access to plentiful baitfish such as river herring, shad, carp, drum, panfish, or suckers. The catfish was 38 inches long and had a girth of 23 inches. In fact, one old hand at pursuing flatheads in the reservoirs across the southern plains once said that chasing his quarry was more arduous and mysterious than what the legendary muskie men of the north have endured. [citation needed] The world angling record flathead catfish was caught May 14, 1998, from Elk City Reservoir, Kansas, and weighed 123 lb 9 oz (56.0 kg). Like its brethren, the flathead is omnivorous and opportunistic and consumes diverse and available foods. After the eggs are laid, they hatch within five to ten days. Channel catfish hold the lead there. Some species of catfish are adapted to the life in salt waters and caves. Adult Flathead Catfish are piscivorous ambush predators. Exhausted from the spawn, big flatheads don’t feel up to chasing big bait fish, but more importantly due to the fact that big flatheads don’t eat while spawning their digestive system just isn’t ready for a big meal. Once the eggs hatch, the fry (young fish) have a yolk-like sac that nourishes them for two to five days until it dissolves and they are fully developed. Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T202701A18234613.en, Indiana Division of Fish and Wildlife’s Animal Information Series, https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Pylodictis_olivaris/, United States National Agricultural Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flathead_catfish&oldid=1000826094, Articles needing additional references from July 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with incomplete citations from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A Mud catfish is a Flathead catfish. Compared to other catfish species the anal fin of the flathead is short along its base, with 14 to 17 fin rays. A common element of flathead catfish location is submerged wood cover such as logs and rootwads which often collect at bends in rivers. Pierce was fishing from the bank of the Schuylkill River at East Falls when he hooked into the catfish. The flathead catfish can lay up to 100,000 eggs during one spawning cycle. Inhabiting deep pools, lakes, and large, slow-moving rivers, the flathead catfish is popular among anglers; its flesh is widely regarded as the tastiest of the catfishes. Spawning of P. olivaris occurs in late June and early July, and the nests are made in areas with submerged logs and other debris. Both the black crappie, Pomoxis nigromaculatus, and the white crappie, Pomoxis annularus, are the most distinctive and largest members of the Centrarchidae family of sunfish. Sign Me Up . Flathead catfish seldom thrive in creeks, ponds and small lakes. This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 22:42. The average length is about 25-46 in (64-117 cm). Catfish Facts Catfish is a type of fish that belongs to the group of ray-finned fish. Inside the mouth on the upper jaw, it has a large tooth plate with backward extensions on each end. The weight of this catfish can reach 150 lb or 68 kilogram. The flathead catfish is distinctive in appearance and not easily confused with any other species. Not surprisingly, their head is wider and flatter than that of other North American catfishes. Its maximum recorded lifespan is 24 years. [7][full citation needed], The flathead catfish prefers live prey. Plan your next fishing and boating adventure here. He is a National Freshwater Fishing Hall of Famer and has written 19 books on sportfishing. Catfish are able to produce a variety of sounds for communication that can be classified into two groups: drumming sounds and stridulation sounds. Flatheads are elongated, large-mouthed fish with tapered bodies, two dorsal fins, and rough scales. Mid to large specimens are rather pot-bellied, with wide heads and beady eyes. The belly is pale white to yellow. The flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris), also called by several common names including mudcat or shovelhead cat, is a large species of North American freshwater catfish in the family Ictaluridae. [8] They are known to eat crayfish, American gizzard shad (Dorosoma cepedianum), insects and larvae, channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), drum (Aplodinotus grunniens), other flatheads, green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus), and carp. The flathead catfish is distinctive in appearance and not easily confused with any other species. Males are mature from 16 cm (6.3 in) and 4 years of age, while females mature from 18 cm (7.1 in) and 5 years of age, but may mature as late as 10 years. Recommended Articles. Their backs and sides are often an olive or light brown color with darker mottles or specks. The Mudcat is common among anglers in central America as this is where it is most found. Whiskerfish fans use an astounding variety of baits to entice big flathead catfish. Examining the Controversial Flathead Catfish World Record Ken Paulie holds his world record flathead catfish. Flathead color varies greatly with the environment and sometimes within the same environment, but is generally mottled with varying shades of brown and yellow on the sides, tapering to a lighter or whitish mottling on the belly. It has whisker-like barbels around its mouth, and its lower jaw protrudes further than its upper jaw. Widely dispersed through natural range and transplanting, flatheads are fairly quick-growing.