His plans were initially popular, but his opposition to land resettlement led to further land raids, especially around the farms of Coll, Gress and Tong. The two parts are frequently referred to as if they were separate islands. Stornoway is the commercial centre of Lewis, there are several national chains with shops in the town, two national supermarket chains as well as numerous local businesses. There are four geographical Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) on Lewis – Glen Valtos, Cnoc a' Chapuill, Port of Ness and Tolsta Head.[11][12]. in Ballin Smith, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, "binäre optionen partnerprogramm – romanmap.com", "Digital gallery – National Library of Scotland", "Sedimentation and tectonism (?Permo-Triassic) on the margin of the North Minch Basin, Lewis", "An Introduction to the Bats of Scotland", Scotsman piece with 'Eilean an Fhraoich' translation, Comhairle nan Eilean Siar – Council Members, Scottish Enterprise – Life Sciences Directory, Britain's rural Muslims are a minority within a minority, "Noel Meek explores the sights and sounds of Scottish Gaelic psalm singing", "Gaelic Psalm: The congregation of Back Free Church, Isle of Lewis", "Water's Edge, Highlands & Islands Detective 1", "The Horror Weekend, Highlands & Islands Detective 3", "Wonder Tales from Scottish Myth and Legend: Chapter V. Nimble Men, Blue Men, and Green Ladies", "Donald Macrae, Neurology: San Francisco", Disabled access to Lewis for residents and visitors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Isle_of_Lewis&oldid=1001668745, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Football, which grew in popularity after the first World War, is the most popular amateur sport in Lewis with Goathill Park in Stornoway hosting special matches involving select teams and visiting clubs and other organisations. These figures on the claiming of benefits in Isle of Lewis come from the Department for Work & Pensions and are dated . [55]. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in September. A good peat cutter can cut 1000 peats in a day. News Environment Outer Hebrides battle to reverse steep population decline When Mary Anne MacLeod left the Isle of Lewis in 1930 to start a new life in … [26], Lewis was once covered by woodland, but the only natural woods remaining are in small pockets on inland cliffs and on islands within lochs, away from fire and sheep. Welcome to The Isle of Lewis. [47] Almost all of the Gaelic speakers are bilingual. During the summer months, several species of butterflies and dragonflies can be found, especially around Stornoway. The largest island of the Outer Hebrides, Lewis offers amazing opportunities to explore all the elements of life on the edge in the Atlantic Ocean – with history, heritage, wilderness, wildlife, arts, crafts, crofting culture and even adrenaline fuelled adventure all here for the taking on your Hebridean holiday. Loganair operate services to Benbecula, Edinburgh, Inverness and Glasgow. While peat burning still goes on, there has been a significant decline in recent years as people move to other, less labour-intensive forms of heating; however, it remains an important symbol of island life. In the 2011 census Lewis had a population of 19,658. In April 2020, the Isle of Lewis Distillery published a list of 10 recommended books that feature the Outer Hebrides. Following the 1745 rebellion, and Prince Charles Edward Stewart's flight to France, the use of Scottish Gaelic was discouraged, rents were demanded in cash rather than kind, and the wearing of folk dress was made illegal. The common frog may be found in the centre of the island[25] though it, along with any newts or toads present are introduced species.[19]. Lewis (given name), including a list of people with the given name Lewis (surname), including a list of people with the surname Music. Lewis (and the rest of the Western Isles) became part of Scotland once more in 1266: under the Treaty of Perth it was ceded by the Kingdom of Norway. A cross-section of Lewis would see mostly sandy beaches backed by dunes and machair on the Atlantic west coast, giving way to an expansive peat covered plateau in the centre of the island. The Western Isles Islands Council was established in 1975. The Scottish Gaelic name Leòdhas may be derived from Norse Ljoðahús ('song house'),[4] although other origins have been suggested – most notably the Gaelic leogach ('marshy'). Population of Lewis (source: General Register Office for Scotland, except *Angus Macleod Archive) 1755: 6386* 1821: 12231* 1841: 17037. The more striking great monuments of this period are the temples and communal burial cairns at places like Calanais. [4] although this refers to the whole of the island of Lewis and Harris. That portion of Lewis bordering upon Harris partakes of the same mountainous character, attaining a height of 1400 feet in the Peak of Swainebhal and 900 in in the Hill of Roineval. For the ship, see, Traditional provinces and districts of Scotland, Major districts (former counties, provincial lordships and rural deaneries), Gammeltoft, Peder "Scandinavian Naming-Systems in the Hebrides – A Way of Understanding how the Scandinavians were in Contact with Gaels and Picts?" The earliest evidence of human habitation on Lewis is found in peat samples which indicate that about 8,000 years ago much of the native woodland was torched to make way for grassland to allow deer to graze. [15] Exceptions are a patch of granite near Carloway, small bands of intrusive basalt at Gress and in Eye Peninsula and some sandstone at Stornoway, Tong, Vatisker and Carloway, which was originally thought to be Torridonian,[14] but is now considered more likely to be Permo-Triassic in age.[16]. Most signposts on the islands are written in both English and Scottish Gaelic and much day-to-day business is carried out in the Scottish Gaelic language. A croft can burn as many as 15,000–18,000 peats in a year.[36]. Under Scottish rule, the Lordship of the Isles emerged as the most important power in north-western Scotland by the 14th century. The college is the umbrella organisation for other vocational and community education, offered in several rural learning centres as well as on the main campus and covering subjects such as basic computer skills, Scottish Gaelic language classes and maritime qualifications.[45]. Sports such as football, rugby union and golf are popular. 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